Ilya Belous: November 21, 2013 – the Start of the Coup in Ukraine Known as Euromaidan

Translated by Ollie Richardson & Angelina Siard


On November 21st, 2013 in the center of Kiev a massive many-thousands protest began in response to the suspension by the Ukrainian government of the signing of the agreement on association between Ukraine and the European Union.

Initially the rally was propagandised as a non-violent protest for the attraction of the maximum number of protesters and the creation of a feeling of safety. Back then the post of the special correspondent of “Schuster Live” Mustafa Nayyem – who, after passing through an educational program at Stanford University, suddenly decided to go into politics – received wide popularity.

21/11/2013: “We meet at 22:30 near the Monument of Independence. Dress yourself warmly. Take umbrellas, tea, coffee, a good mood, and friends. Shares are welcomed!”

On November 30th, 2013, after the tent town had been dispersed, the formation of self-defence units (more than 5,000 people) for the defence of Maidan began. The leaders of the Fatherland, “UDAR”, and Svoboda” parties declared the formation of a “HQ of national resistance”. The neo-fascist UNA-UNSO, Trizub, “Patriot of Ukraine”, and others united into the extremist Right Sector association, which considered Euromaidan as a pretext to start a “national revolution”.

Mass clashes in Kiev between participants of protests and the police happened on December 1st, when radical protesters captured the first office buildings and an attempt to storm the Presidential Administration was made, and on the night of December 11th, when the authorities still tried to clear by force the square of Independence.

From the very beginning Euromaidan was supervised by the experts sent to Kiev by the American government structures. Thus, on November 29th, 2013 the secret conductor of colour revolutions, the Serbian political strategist Marko Ivkovic – responsible for the formation of “fighting groups” in colour revolutions in Serbia, Georgia, and Ukraine (“Otpor”, “Kmara”, and “Pora”), arrived in Ukraine.

In 1999-2000 Ivkovic led the youth protest organisation “Otpor”, which overthrew Slobodan Milosevic.

The success of the colour revolution in Yugoslavia was used in the activity of CANVAS — the Center For Applied Actions and Strategies, which started to be involved in the realisation of Gene Sharp’s methods of “non-violently overthrowing the government”. CANVAS arose in 2003 on the basis of the movement “Otpor”. The center works under the auspices of the American Freedom House and the National Endowment for Democracy, and its sponsors are the Rockefeller fund, Soros fund, International Republican Institute, and the Einstein Institution. It is based in Belgrade.

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Subsequently organisations similar to “Otpor” were created by the CIA in tens of other countries. In this connection, a sign of a clenched fist was used every time in the logos of youth movements.

In 2012 Ivkovic officially stayed in Ukraine as an expert of the US National Democratic Institute and the covert head of the campaign headquarters of Arseniy Yatsenyuk. In 2012 the FSB barred Ivkovic from entering the country.

On December 11th, 2014 the Deputy US Secretary of State Victoria Nuland came to Ukraine and started to distribute tea and food to protesters and the militants of the internal troops on Maidan.

On January 16th, 2014 the Verkhovna Rada adopted the laws toughening sanctions for participation in mass riots, after which the protesters started clashes with law enforcement bodies. On January 19th-20th, 2014 hundreds of people were wounded and the first victims appeared. Protesters in regions switched to occupying the buildings of regional state administrations. In the West of Ukraine these actions had success, but in central Ukraine they were stopped by law enforcement bodies.

On February 21st, 2014 the Agreement on ending the political crisis in Ukraine between the president of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych and leaders of the opposition was signed, along with the mediation of representatives of the European Union. It was designed to stop the mass bloodshed in Kiev and to put an end to the acute political crisis.

Yanukovych didn’t introduce martial law; he instructed to bring all police forces out of the capital, and went to an event in Kharkov. As soon as he left, instead of vacating – in accordance with the agreement – all the office buildings they earlier occupied, Maidan protesters immediately seized the presidential residence and the building of the government.

The opposition didn’t fulfil anything from the agreement. The illegal weapons weren’t handed over, public buildings and the streets of Kiev weren’t vacated, and radicals continued to control the cities. Instead of the promised creation of a national unity government, the creation of a government of winners was declared.

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On February 16th-17th the All-Ukrainian association “Maidan” and “Right Sector” declared the preparation of a “peaceful offensive” on the Verkhovna Rada.

However, the “peaceful offensive” was only a cover.

On February 18th, 2014 violent clashes between protesters and the police started, which led to the death of more than 100 people due to unknown snipers opening fire at both sides [law enforcement and Maidan protestors – ed].

The snipers acted under the leadership of the people’s deputy and one of the leaders of the opposition Sergey Pashinsky, and also the subordinated leaders of Maidan Aleksandr Turchynov and Arsen Avakov.

It should be noted that the technology of unknown snipers was used by the CIA also during the riots in Moscow in October 1993, which helped the pro-American appointee Boris Yeltsin claim victory, and in 2010 during the riots in Kyrgyzstan, when the pro-American president Kurmanbek Bakiyev tried to hold onto power.

In 2017 the Italian TV channel “MATRIX” broadcasted the documentary film “The Hidden Truth About Ukraine”, which features the confessions of snipers who shot at both sides of the standoff at Euromaidan in the winter of 2014.

On February 22nd, 2014 the Verkhovna Rada adopted a resolution in which it declared that Yanukovych “unconstitutionally withdrew himself from the implementation of his constitutional powers” and doesn’t carry out his duties, and also appointed early presidential elections for May 25th, 2014.

Meanwhile, Muammar Gaddafi’s fate was being prepared for Viktor Yanukovych.

The president went to Donetsk, and during his journey he was ambushed: his convoy was shot at and a security guard was wounded.

Yanukovych went to Crimea, however, according to Russian law enforcement officers, an ambush was waiting for him there, and the guard of the President of Ukraine was informed in time that he shouldn’t proceed further.

In the night of February 22nd, 2014 the Russian special services evacuated the president of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych from the Donetsk region to Crimea.

“Our services of radio observation, in fact, started to lead his convoy. We recorded his place of stay during his journey every time. But when I was shown the map, it became clear that he would soon be ambushed. Moreover, according to the data that is at our disposal, large-caliber machine guns were installed there in order not to waste time,” said Vladimir Putin in an interview with the authors of the movie “Crimea. The Way Home”.

On February 23rd the duties of the president of Ukraine were assigned to the new chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Aleksandr Turchynov. The new Ukrainian authorities received recognition from the European Union and the US. On February 27th Arseniy Yatsenyuk became the Prime Minister of Ukraine and a provisional government was created.

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November 21st (the start date of the protests) was declared as a national holiday – the Day of dignity and freedom.

Civil war in Donbass, the Russian-speaking region of Ukraine that refused to recognise the ultra-nationalist and created an anti-fascist resistance, became the main outcome of Euromaidan.

On April 7th, 2014 the Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the acting president of the country Aleksandr Turchynov, stated that anti-terrorist measures will be taken against the separatists who captured administrative buildings in the Lugansk, Donetsk, and Kharkov regions. The punitive operation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and nationalist battalions against the civilian population of Donbass started.

According to the calculations of Frankfurter Allgemeine, by 2015 the death toll in Donbass exceeded the official data by tenfold and totalled 50,000 people.

Ukraine plunged into chaos, the main symbol of which became the burning of Antimaidan activists in the House of Trade Unions in Odessa.

Euromaidan was another colour revolution prepared by the US: this was openly recognised by the American leaders themselves. The success of the actions of the American departments was the result of long-term laborious work in the field of soft power.

Most likely, it is “soft” only on paper – in reality it is the most real foreign intervention with a huge amount of bloodshed, which led to foreign occupation via the hands of the in advance prepared “fifth column” and NGO foreign agents.

That’s why it is important to attentively survey the activity of such persons and structures and to study the technologies of soft power and the precedents of “colour revolutions” in order to not to “miss” the preparation of a similar situation in our country.

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