The Nazi “Generalplan Ost” – the Mass Destruction and Resettlement of Russians, Poles, and Ukrainians

Translated by Ollie Richardson & Angelina Siard


Miroslava Berdnik

It turns out that many do not know that several years ago in Germany the “Ost” plan was declassified and published – the project of the Germanisation of Eastern Europe. I.e., the mass destruction and resettlement of Russians, Poles, and Ukrainians. Long considered as lost, the text of the plan was found back in the 1980’s, but back then the Germans hid it. Now anyone who has the desire can read it on the website of the faculty of agriculture and horticulture of the Humboldt University of Berlin.

The publication of documents from the state archive was accompanied by an apology. The council of the faculty of agriculture and horticulture of Humboldt University said that it regrets that one of the former Directors of the institution, the member of the SS Professor Konrad Meyer, did so much for “Generalplan Ost”.

“The German weapons conquered the Eastern regions, for which there was a fight for centuries. The Reich sees as its most important task to as soon as possible turn them into imperial territories,” it is said in the document.

The text was considered as lost for a long time. Only a six-page excerpt from it was taken for the Nuremberg trial. The plan was developed by the main department of imperial security, and other versions of the plan, along with other important documents, were burned by the Nazis in 1945. The German thoroughness of “Generalplan Ost” shows what would await the USSR if the war had been won by the Germans. And it becomes clear why the plan was kept in strict secrecy.

“At the forefront of the German people against eastern barbarity the regions are designated special importance for the Reich. To ensure the vital interests of the Reich in these regions it is necessary to use not only means of power and organisation, and it is precisely there that the German population is needed. It must strongly take root in these regions in a completely hostile environment,” it is recommended in the text.

Evgeny Kulkov, a senior researcher at the Institute of World History at the Russian Academy of Sciences: “There were going to evicted Lithuanians to beyond the Urals and Siberia, or exterminate them. This is practically the same thing. 85% of Lithuanians, 75% of Belarusians, 65% of Western Ukrainians/residents of Western Ukraine, 50% of the Baltics.”

Comparing the sources, the scientists found out that the Nazis wanted to resettle 10 million Germans in the Eastern lands, and to evict 30 million people to Siberia. Leningrad was supposed to turn from a city of 3 million people into a German settlement for 200,000 inhabitants. Millions of people had to die of hunger and disease. Hitler planned to definitively destroy Russia, having dividing it into many isolated parts.

“On the basis of the instructions of the Reichsfuhrer SS, it should proceed, firstly, with settlement in the following regions: Ingermanland (St. Petersburg region); Gotenland (Crimea and Kherson region, former Tavria), Memel-Narwa (Bialystok and Western Lithuania). The germanisation of this region is already going on by the return of Volksdeutsche.”

It is interesting that the lands beyond the Urals seemed to the Nazis such a rotten territory that it wasn’t even considered as a priority. But, fearing that the Poles exiled there will be able to form their own State, the Nazis nevertheless decided to exile them to Siberia in small groups.

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In this plan it is calculated not only how many cities will have to be cleared for future colonisers, but also how much it will cost and who will take the costs upon themselves.

Here is the statement of the council of the faculty of agriculture and horticulture of the Humboldt University of Berlin from 28th May, 2002 concerning the “Ost” plan:

And here is a link to the “Ost” plan published by the faculty itself.

In the photo: during the opening of the exhibition “Build-up and Plans for the East” on 20th March, 1941 Konrad Meyer (right) describes to the leading functionaries of the Reich – (left to right) the Deputy of Hitler Rudolf Hess, Heinrich Himmler, Reichsleiter Bouhler, Reichsminister Todt, and the head of the main department of Reich security Heydrich – the “Ost” plan – the Germanisation of Eastern Europe.

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